The rapid progress in medical technology and development
of new pharmaceuticals call for renovation of the education and
training of pharmacists and pharmaceutical researchers. They are
required not only to develop advanced expertise but also to cope
with rapidly expanding information and internationalization. In
response to such pressing needs, pharmaceutical schools are continuously
upgrading the quality of pharmacopedics. Now the knowledge-heavy
curriculum of the past is changing to a more "integrated"
curriculum incorporating the "skill and attitude" elements
into knowledge education.
The "Conference for Studying Pharmacopedical Curriculum"
was inaugurated in 2001 sponsored by the Pharmaceutical Society
of Japan. In April 2002, the draft of a new model curriculum was
presented to all pharmaceutical schools and key organizations to
seek candid opinions. Finally, the conference has drafted the "Model
Core Curriculum for Pharmaceutical Education" and the "Practical
On-site Training and Graduation Training Curriculum."
The basic ideas are (1) to educate students to become pharmacists
and pharmaceutical researchers who meet the needs of society, (2)
to let students specify their targets by themselves, (3) to evaluate
the level of students objectively, (4) to weigh both the basic and
clinical pharmacopedical subjects, and (5) to provide more practical
courses in both on-site and final trainings. The curriculum has
(1) adopted plain language to make it more readily understandable,
(2) integrated the interrelated areas into easy-to-follow courses
and (3) achieved a balance between knowledge versus skill and attitude
|| Job Accession of Pharmaceutical
Graduates of 2004
Education at pharmaceutical schools consists of liberal arts,
basic and advanced pharmacopedics. The model core curriculum should
serve as a guideline on the technically defined studies. Each school
should prepare a unique and effective curriculum by adapting them
flexibly with their original curriculums to match their individual
Model Core Curriculum for Pharmaceutical Education (67 units)
consists of (A) humanism, (B) introduction to pharmacopedics, and
(C) specialized pharmacopedics, whereas Practical On-site Training
and Graduation Training Curriculum (14 units) include (D) practical
on-site training and (E) final training before graduation. Specialized
pharmacopedics is divided into seven areas: "physics-oriented
pharmaceutical science," "chemistry-oriented pharmaceutical
science," "biology-oriented pharmaceutical science,"
"health and environment," "drug and disease,"
"pharmaceutical manufacturing" and "pharmaceutical
science and society." Several interrelated units comprise a
well-coordinated course and each course lists up "general instructional
objective" to be achieved by student. "Specific behavioral
objectives" listed for each unit are grouped into three areas:
knowledge, skill and attitude. Each school devises teaching methods
for those educational goals and assessing achievement levels.